Teacher vs University Professor: A Simple Careers Breakdown.

Who Is a Teacher?


A teacher, is known as someone who assists others in learning, gaining knowledge, competence, or virtue, particularly in educational institutions or other setting where formal education is provided.

Every competent teacher recognizes the below characteristics and concentrates on them in order to motivate their students.

  • What are the qualities that are most valued in a good teacher?
  • Does your knowledge or ability to share with them matter more?
  • We analyze the most important qualities so that a teacher is able to transmit passion for learning and self-improvement.
  • Teachers should be the professionals who work the most soft skills, especially those related to communication and assertiveness.

Devoting to teaching is a very vocational profession, where the motivation to transmit knowledge and be in contact with students and professionals eager to continue learning and evolving has great weight.


Although it seems a simple and fluid profession, it is one of the specialties that pose a greater professional challenge, especially for teachers who are dedicated to the training of students in Primary and Secondary.

In part, it will be their responsibility that students feel motivated to learn, develop their basic skills and have the illusion of developing a professional career and a university education.

We all remember some teacher who has marked us or with whom we have learned concepts, beyond those related to the subjects of knowledge and encouraged us to work on our personal and professional goals.


This type of teachers, able to motivate and promote curiosity, often have certain qualities.

teacher career vs university professor 2

Qualities of a good teacher

1. Responsible

Here the responsibility implies that they meet the same expectations and standards that their students demand. They must be fair and equal.

It is already known that the best way to transmit values ​​is to lead by example.


2. Flexible

Flexibility implies that you are a dynamic professional and that you react to the needs of your students and the surrounding environment.

They are professionals who are able to integrate the current context and reality into their teachings so that the students feel involved and understand the concepts better.

3. Observer

Although the class is made up of very diverse students with different abilities, it is able to detect the needs of each one, their lacks and adapt the work rhythm, to what their students need to achieve success.

Teachers who are good at listening and observing often pick up on what is still not spoken, such as a student’s phobias, and could then work with them to improve their abilities and self- esteem.

4. Mediator

A teacher, in most cases, should also act as a mediator and focus on showing students soft skills and behaviors that help them in conflict resolution.

5. Cooperative

Cooperation is key to working effectively with administrators, other teachers and students’ parents.

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The collaborative learning and teamwork should be the basis for transmitting knowledge and generate discussions and ideas among teachers and among students themselves.

6. Inspiring

A good teacher should be a guide that encourages students’ self-taught and creative knowledge.

As a professional specialized in the transmission of knowledge, you must share learning experiences that go beyond the explanation of concepts and the traditional master class.

7. Innovative

A good teacher is also in full training and renewal of knowledge so that he can integrate new methodologies, tools or resources into classes.

Virtual classrooms or the use of technological applications have marked a new way of teaching, with which teachers should feel comfortable and prepared.

8. Resolutive

Find the necessary means to connect with all students, regardless of the challenge.

You must be willing to ensure that students receive the training they need.

9. Empathic

A good educator should be able to recognize and empathize with the problems and situations that students face.

You have to try to put yourself in the place of your students, see things from their perspective and help them develop the skills and aptitudes that will help them mature and successfully overcome the challenges.

10. Charismatic

The ability to attract attention in a classroom full of students and to be able to keep it for a long time is very difficult, so it is necessary for the teacher to design interesting, fresh and current classes, promoting curiosity and learning outside the classroom.

Teaching is based on a perfect combination of skills and knowledge and, above all, that with their intervention they generate enough curiosity and motivation so that their listeners continue to invest time in their training and professional development.


Requirements for Teaching Profession

1. A Bachelor’s Degree.

A bachelor’s degree from an authorized four-year college is a must for becoming a licensed teacher, but the degree you should seek depends on the grade level you desire to teach.

 2. Accredited Teacher Education Program.

As an undergraduate student, the majority of teachers complete a recognized education program. While some others pursue a teacher education program after completing their bachelor’s degree.

3. Your Student Teaching Requirements must be completed.

Some schools now provide student teaching as early as the first year of their programs to help students gain a better understanding of pedagogy and classroom management from the perspective of a teacher.

4. Pick a Field and Get Certified

Teachers in public schools must be licensed or certified in every state.
It is also vital to select a field of specialization, as this will assist you in making the best decision and overcoming the problems and obstacles that come with the job.


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Who is a University Professor?

A professor is a tertiary educational instructor who lectures college students, usually in a university school environment.
Professors are the highest-ranking educators, usually specializing in a particular academic area or field.
Professors are typically specialists in their fields and top-tier educators.

  • We tell you the requirements and the steps to become a university teacher/lecturer.
  • Know the types of teachers/lecturers and find the one that interests you the most.
  • Learn to manage your time if you are already teaching.

When choosing a career there are many who consider the possibility of being teachers and even some visit the idea again after even a few years of a successful professional career. However, most do not know what the race is or what the requirements are for it.

What are the requirements to be a University Professor?

A bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree (1 or 2 years), and a doctorate are all required before becoming a professor at the University. It also necessitates a one- or two-year training course in which certain research topics are covered.

To become a professor, it typically takes between eight and eleven years. (Four-year undergraduate education • Doctoral Dissertation / Graduate School – four to seven years).

It is crucial to complete an Advanced Studies Diploma research project, which serves as a preliminary to a five-year PhD thesis. It is also necessary to have a decent curriculum and, if possible, previous work experience before becoming a professor.

The Steps to Becoming a University Lecturer.

When applying to teach at a public university, you must have published and taught at least 60 hours each year, as well as present your credentials to the National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation. The Ministry of Education’s agency considers publications, teaching hours, academic training, and management and educational administration experience.

If the report is positive for the requested category, the professor may apply to fill the vacancies posted by the centers.

Nowadays, the requirements are higher since it is necessary to have published in journals with an impact index, in addition to teaching it is important to have published teaching manuals and to have made mobility stays in a prestigious university abroad. Continuing education is also important and conference attendance is also important.

In the case of private companies, 60% of faculty teachers must have the evaluation of the reviewing agency with the same rank as the professor hired by the doctor.

The final step is to make an opposition to the University Court in which the teaching place has been convened. There, candidates must defend a topic chosen in a 60-minute public session and then answer the questions of the Court. The results will depend on 60% of the curriculum and 40% of the session.

Vacancies in the public university are published on the university bulletin board, in the Official Gazette of the autonomous community, and in the Official State Gazette.

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Types of University Professors

There are different types of contracts according to the teacher’s obligations, professional trajectory and degree of knowledge:

1) Assistant: Assistant lecturers

are people admitted to doctoral programs who want to complete their teaching and research training and collaborate with practical tasks. The contract cannot exceed 5 years.

2) Assistant Professor Doctor:

These teachers must have the accreditation of necessary study, have a full-time day and perform teaching and research tasks in the institution.

3) Professor Hired Doctor:

These professionals must also have the approval of the necessary body and perform both teaching and research tasks, but their contracts are of indefinite duration.

4) Associate Professor:

Those who develop a professional activity outside the study center, have a job outside the University and invest some hours in teaching, through a temporary contract and part-time dedication.

5) Visiting Professor:

They are professionals who come from external study centers (national or foreign) and come to visit to carry out teaching and/or research tasks for a while.


Career Stages:

You can begin lecturing as an entry-level lecturer while working towards your own educational goals. Here’s the stages/levels as it goes:


You have a master’s degree and are ready to teach, but you may still be working on your PhD.


Now that you’ve finished your PhD, your class sizes may grow.

Senior Lecturer:

As you gain experience, your responsibilities increase. You could even offer lectures at other colleges and assess students who aren’t your own.


You can work toward becoming a professor after receiving your PhD and becoming a university lecturer. Professors do research and publish findings in their fields based on their many years of experience. They also have tenure, which means they have a permanent position as a member of the faculty.


A professor is a professional who lectures students through high school in a variety of academic and professional areas. They also carry out research and produce academic articles and books. They operate in public and private colleges and universities, professional schools, career and vocational schools, etc

Assuming you concentrate in education and don’t need to attend a separate teacher training program, one may be able to complete his/her education as well as qualifications faster if you enroll in an accelerated degree program. Due to global qualified teachers demand, society is increasingly establishing faster pathways to getting a credential with the goal of drawing eager and capable persons to the field.


A High School Teacher with a Bachelor’s degree Earns an Average of $62,000 per year While a professor earns $80,000 per year.

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